What is Employability & What are Employability Skills?

2021-12-09 0 Comments

Employability and employability skills are the terms that we hear frequently.

What exactly does the word employability mean?

It is a concept that is still debated upon and has no sure definition or meaning. It is a fairly new concept. Employability is the ability of an individual to obtain and maintain employment throughout his or her career. Hillage and Pollard define employability as ‘the capability to move self-sufficiently within the labor market to realize potential through sustainable employment. This is a definition that is popular and widely accepted by many. According to this definition, employability is not only about whether the individual can get and hold on to the job but also is about the broader set of attributes and skills that will help the employee to be successful in their career.

In other words, employability is:

1. The ability to gain initial employment

2. The ability to maintain employment

3. The ability to obtain new employment if required

The concept of employability continues to be applied within a range of different contexts and to both those in work and those seeking work.

Employability is the qualities and competencies of the individual that are required to meet the changing needs of employers and customers and thereby helping them to realize his or her potential in work.

Others also emphasize that employability is not only the capacity and ability of the individual to hold on to a job but also job market conditions. Now, what is job market conditions, this is where employers compete for the best hire and employees compete for the most satisfying job. Employability is the capability to move into and within the job

markets and to realize potential through sustainable and accessible employment.

What are the employability skills? What do employability skills mean?

what is employability & what are employability skills

You must have certain skills, that make you more employable. And you can never have enough skills. The more skills you have the more you are desirable and your prospect of getting a job seems better. With the new concept of upskilling, it is easy to keep increasing your skills and make a shift from the norm. People with a variety of skills or more flexible skills are preferred for alternative security.

Top 10 Employability skills:-

  1. Critical thinking and problem solving- not only for a job but critical thinking is an important skill to have, Employees need to be able to analyze evidence, question assumptions, test hypotheses, observe and draw conclusions from any form of data. Critical thinking is not just a skill, but a habit formed to help with problem-solving. Real-life experiences can help you improve and work on your critical thinking skills. They are usually the top priority of any employer to look for when they choose to hire an employee. You need to be capable of handling any situation thrown at you and be able to find a solution for the problems too. Being a quick thinker and problem solver is a handy skill to have.
  2. Teamwork- no matter what you do or where you choose to work, teamwork is a must in every spectrum. You need to be able to work with your team and be cordial with them. Be it working on your college assignment or your project. It is important to work together to achieve a common target. Suggested read: Secret of teamwork and collaboration.
  3. Communication- Be clear on what you want to convey. Speak and share your opinion and the way you communicate is also very important. Communication not only involves speaking but also involves active listening to others. Communication does not only include speech and hearing but your body language also goes a long way in describing who you are. Writing is also a form of communication. Someone with a good hold over the language is appreciated, so you need to keep working on improving your communication skills whether it is verbal, none verbal, or written. Related Article: Importance of communication skills
  4. Creativity and initiative– everyone appreciates a little creativity and your creativity can make you stand out from others. Taking initiative also shows that you are dedicated and will be a great asset to the firm. Look for things that need to be and do those without asking and if it is not a part of your skillset go ahead and volunteer to learn how to do it. add a little creative twist to it. Add improvements and these will take you a long way ahead.
  5. Professionalism and a strong work ethic- no matter what career do you go for after you graduate. Your employer will look for someone who has a strong work ethic and professionalism, it is expected from you. Simple things like being punctual and meeting deadlines. Professional people finish their work on time and do not cut slack. Having a strong work ethic means you will finish your work on time and not procrastinate. If you have a strong work ethic and you are professional your employer will consider you for promotions, a new job, and something else good.
  6. Leadership quality- one side working in a team is important. It is also important that you are capable of leading the said team if the time comes. If you are someone who has a strong work ethic, great communicator, a critical thinker, and a creative individual you are already on your way to becoming a leader. But there is a world of difference between being a leader and a dictator. Work with the team not force them to do all the work on their own.
  7. Adaptability- Are you willing to learn or are you flexible? Being adaptable is the most sought-after soft skill. The ability of an individual to adapt to the changing conditions and being flexible in your work employment. You will also be able to work effectively in a team and independently when required. A lot of employers seek employees who have adaptability skills to be able to achieve the goals of the organization. Why do you need to be adaptable? That is because the companies as they develop integrate better technologies and embrace new trends. So you also need to embrace those new changes and a person who is stagnant and not adaptable will be a burden.
  8. Time Management- Being able to manage time is a great asset to have not only as a factor in employability but an important life skill to have. Time management means working efficiently, and employers in every industry look for staff that can make optimal use of the time available to them on the job. Saving time saves the organization money and increases revenue. Prioritizing work, scheduling what to do and when to do is important.
  9. Social and emotional skills- when you join a company you become a representation of the company. Having social and emotional skills to deal with the responsibility that comes with being a part of the company. It helps an individual to work on things like coping with feelings and setting goals. It also helps with interpersonal skills like working in teams and resolving conflicts. It also comes in handy when you have to work with clients.
  10. Working under pressure- Changes and unexpected events, problems or challenges can – and do – usually do happen, no matter how well-planned or organized you may be. The ability to respond effectively to pressure and stress is therefore extremely important in any line of work. You must be aware of how you act in such situations and what steps you can take to improve your effectiveness in such situations if necessary. Working under pressure is a skill which you need to learn, you cant avoid it.


These are just a few ideal employability skills that make you a desirable candidate. Being dependable, reliable, politeness these qualities are also required of an individual. You can keep developing and learning new things as you work. You never stop learning, The more you learn the more skills you gain, and then, in turn, makes you more employable.

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